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BISON INFORMATION

Behavior of
Bison


Bison Diet
and Predators


Description of Buffalo/Bison

The Evolution
of Bison


North American
Bison Impact

The Bison
Meat Industry

Pictures of Raw
Bison Meat Cuts

Buffalo/Bison Packaged
Meat for Sale


The Bison Name

Favorite Bison Recipes


PRODUCT & SERVICES


2W Livestock Equipment

Cypress
Industries


T&S Range
Cattle Feeders


Jenkins Iron
and Steel


Stock-ade


Bison Description
  The American bison and the European wisent are the largest terrestrial animals in North America and Europe. Bison are good swimmers and can cross rivers over half a mile wide. Bison are
nomadic grazers and travel in herds. The bulls leave the herds of females at two or three years of age, and join a male herd which
 is generally smaller than the female herds. Mature bulls rarely
 travel alone. Towards the end of the summer, for the reproductive season, the sexes necessarily commingle.

American bison are known for living in the Great Plains. Both
species were hunted close to extinction during the 19th and 20th centuries, but havesince rebounded. The American plains bison
is no longer listed as endangered, but the wood bison is on the endangered species list in Canada. Although superficially similar, there are physical and behavioral differences between the
American and European bison. The American species has 15 ribs, while the European bison has 14.

The American bison has four lumbar vertebrae, while the European has five. (The difference in this case is that what would be the first lumbar vertebra in wisent has ribs attached to it in American bison and is thus counted as the 15th thoracic vertebra, compared to 14 thoracic vertebrae in wisent.) Adult American bison are less slim in build and have shorter legs.

American bison tend to graze more, and browse less than their European cousins. Their anatomies reflect this behavioral
difference; the American bison's head hangs lower than the European's. The body of the American bison is typically hairier, though its tail has less hair than that of the European bison. The horns of the European bison point through the plane of their faces, making them more adept at fighting through the interlocking of
horns in the same manner as domestic cattle, unlike the American bison, which favors butting. American bison are more easily tamed than their European cousins, and breed with domestic cattle more readily.

 



 
 
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Quill Creek, SK S0A3E0
Phone 306-383-2520         Fax 306-383-2555